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Management: International Business

Online Resources



Books / videos about Global Business Culture

  1. Doing Business in... (books about doing business in specific countries. Aspects include culture, regulations, and more.
  2. Culture and Customs of..." (country-by-country cultural guides, including business customs).

Cultural traits

Geert Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions

  • Individualism vs. collectivism
  • Low power distance vs. high power distance (egalitarian vs. hierarchical)
  • High uncertainty avoidance vs. willingness to take risks
  • “Masculine” vs. “Feminine” (I prefer the terminology “success vs. quality of life”.)
  • Long-term vs. short-term orientation
  • Indulgence vs. Restraint

Business Tasks - how are they accomplished country by country?

  • Communicating: direct vs. indirect
  • Evaluating performance: direct negative feedback vs. indirect negative feedback
  • Persuasion: principles and data first vs. application or recommendation first
  • Leading: egalitarian vs. hierarchical
  • Making decisions: top down vs. consensus
  • Trust: task-based vs. relationship based
  • Disagreement: confrontation vs. confrontation avoidance
  • Scheduling: linear time (punctual) vs. flexible time

Search terms - a few examples